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They were known as idolatress nation. (Calmet) --- Much more did her present endeavours to comply with God’s law. For this would have injured the reputation not only of Ruth, but also of Boaz himself. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 31. CHAPTER 3. 2. Instead of calling her an immodest woman for laying herself down at his feet, and a bold impudent woman, she being poor, to ask marriage of him; and instead of being angry with her, and chiding and reproving her for disturbing and frightening him in the night, he blesses her, and pray's to God to bless her, and prosper her in what she had engaged, and in a kind and loving manner calls her his daughter: for thou hast showed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning; that is, to her husband's family; she had shown much love to her husband living and dying, and to her mother-in-law, in leaving her country and kindred to come with her into a strange country, and in labour to support her, as she had done, all which was great kindness; to which the Targum adds, her being proselyted; but the kindness she now showed exceeded all the former, in that she was desirous, according to the law of God, to build up her husband's family, to marry the next near kinsman, even though an old man, to raise up seed to the name and memory of her husband: inasmuch as thou followedst not the young men, whether poor or rich; the phrase of following young men is not to be understood of committing fornication with them, as the Targum explains it, but of marriage to them: she shunned their company and conversation, and did not put herself in the way of being caressed and addressed by them, and refused everything of that sort; and did not choose to follow any young man, rich or poor, as a bride follows her husband when married to him. My audio commentary on the book of Ruth - Ruth 3:10 - 18, 8 minutes long. Biblical Commentary Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Understanding the context is critical to understanding this lectionary reading. Chapter 1 hit us with the bitter providence of God in the life of Naomi as she left her land, and lost her husband, her sons, and one of her daughters-in-law. 11 And now, my daughter, don’t be afraid. 1905. When you are at the feet of your Redeemer, you have nothing to fear. What was it about Ruth that so impressed Boaz? Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. 2 1. We see it in Naomi in 3:1–5, in Ruth in 3:6–9, and in Boaz in 3:10–15. And he said, Blessed be thou of Yahveh, my daughter; thou hast made thy latter kindness better than the former, in not going after any young man, whether poor or rich. Behold, he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor. (3:6-9; cp. 1859. What problem had to be first worked out before Boaz was free to act as the near kinsman? I will, however, give a brief Boaz is introduced in the narrative as an esh gibor hayil (a powerful man of integrity) in 2:1, and he pronounces the community’s opinion of Ruth as an eshat hayil (a woman of integrity, a worthy woman) in 3:11. Ruth 3:10-18, “10 He said, 'May ADONAI bless you, my daughter. This could only happen through Boaz marrying Ruth and providing children to carry on the name of Elimelech. BibliographyClarke, Adam. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Boaz was moved that such a presentable young woman should be willing to become his wife. Go to. This could only happen through Boaz marrying Ruth, and providing children to carry on the name of Elimelech. 1871-8. ‘This kindness is greater than that which you showed earlier: you have not run after the younger men, whether rich or poor. Ruth followed not the law of lust, but the rules of reason and religion: this she is praised for. (1) A sojourn in Moab. All the people of my town know that you are a woman of noble character. She consistently took the moral high ground, as Boaz bears witness in 3:10-11. A blessing comes appropriately from a senior; a father blesses his son, a venerable patriarch his youthful colleague. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. Ruth 3:10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. Kindness {Forerunner Commentary} Kindness {Nave's Topical Bible} Lord {Forerunner Commentary} Lord {Nave's Topical Bible} Poor {Forerunner Commentary} Poor {Nave's Topical Bible} Blessed {Forerunner Commentary} Other topical entries containing Ruth 3:10: Widows {Torrey's Topical Textbook} Chastity {Torrey's Topical Textbook} And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. "Commentary on Ruth 3:10". Consequently Hiller (in his Arcanum Keri et Ctibh, p. 163) conjectures that they used it to point out a various reading, viz., that לנּי should be the reading here. Some see the ‘love -- at the beginning’ as referring to the previous love shown to her former husband, a young man, and her mother-in-law, compare Ruth 2:11. 11 And now, my daughter, don’t be afraid. BibliographyPett, Peter. Ruth is a good example for us to follow when we have needs to be met. אֲשֶׁר עָשִׂית עִם חֲמוֹתֵךְ: [Your] earlier [kindness]. Followedst not — To seek thy marriage here, or in thy own country, as thou wouldst have done if thou hadst not preferred obedience to God's command, before pleasing thyself. More kindness in the latter end than in the beginning — Both to thy deceased husband, the continuance of whose name and memory thou seekest, and to thy mother-in-law, whose commands thou hast punctually obeyed. I will do for you all you ask. True goodness is of a growing nature. First – obviously – we’re landing in the middle of the book of Ruth. His own feelings had already been attuned to due honour and respect for Ruth; he is prepared not only to discharge the duty of next of kin, but to do it in no perfunctory spirit, but with a sincere loyal affection. The book of Ruth is short, so you should read it. I will do for you all you ask. For thou hast showed more kindness in the latter end. (14-18) Commentary on Ruth 3:1-5 (Read Ruth 3:1-5) The married state should be a rest, as much as any thing upon earth can be so, as it ought to fix the affections and form a connexion for life. Ruth 3:10 Context. Ruth 3:10-11 New International Version (NIV). Benediction. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Ruth 1 – Ruth’s Journey A. 10 “The Lord bless you, my daughter,” he replied. (Challoner) Salien supposes about seventy years old. BibliographyGill, John. Show content in: English Both Hebrew. 22 Romans 3:12. Rut - Ruth - Chapter 3 « Previous Chapter 2. (6-13) Ruth's return to her mother-in-law. Ruth 3:10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. Ruth boldly, yet humbly and properly, sought her rights. Ruth 3:10 And he said, Blessed [be] thou of the LORD, my daughter: [for] thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. Ver. (3:12) 14. thou hast done well thy latter kindness above the former. "Commentary on Ruth 3:10". 1599-1645. 7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. To understand our text, you must know the story. "Commentary on Ruth 3:10". There is more than can and needs to be said (see the tab “Ruth” above for various, related articles) and I will be returning to and expanding this commentary. I read about an older (well, 69, which isn’t that much older than me) man in Europe, who tried to take a shortcut home by cutting across an estuary and finding himself up to his knees in mud. The humble shall have "riches, and honour, and life." "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". More kindness in the latter end than in the beginning — Both to thy deceased husband, the continuance of whose name and memory thou seekest, and to thy mother-in-law, whose commands thou hast punctually obeyed. Old T estament Mini-Exegetical Commentary of Ruth . 1685. “This kindness is greater than that which you showed earlier: You have not run after the younger men, whether rich or poor. Your latest kindness is even greater than your first, in that you didn't go after the young men, neither the rich ones nor the poor. Thou hast shewed . & 34. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/ruth-3.html. So Ruth told her everything the man had done for her. This may be what Naomi had in mind, but I am convinced that it is not what Ruth did. 1999. 9 And hee said, Who art thou? "Commentary on Ruth 3:10". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". What in one age or nation would be improper, is not always so in another age or another nation. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Or, "Blessed art thou of the Lord." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/ruth-3.html. by. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". (3:1-5) 11. What was Ruth requesting of Boaz by what she did at the threshing floor? Kirsten Nielsen’s comments on the book of Ruth paint a rich and subtle portrait of its characters, carefully tracing the many connections between this story and other biblical passages, such as the stories of Judah and Tamar. (3:10-11) 13. 1 And Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, "My daughter, shall I not seek rest for you, that it be good for you? 'This kindness is greater than that which you showed earlier: You have not run after the younger men, whether rich or poor." Thou hast shewed . Now Boaz mentions this as an instance of her virtue, and of her great respect to her husband's family, that a woman of such amiable qualities, virtuous, young, and beautiful, who doubtless might have been married to a young man in her own country, or in Israel, but chose to marry the nearest of kin in her husband's family, to perpetuate his name and memory; the Jews sayF20Midrash Ruth, fol. One is that she has a … Show content in: English Both Hebrew. And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt ouer thine handmaid, for thou art a neare kinseman. Ruth 3:4-5 'And it shall be when he lies down, that you shall notice the place where he lies, and you shall go and uncover his feet and lie down; then he will tell you what you shall do.' More suitable to thy age, as being more vigorous and personable. Thou hast made thy latter kindness better than the former. In short, it refers to acts of devotion and lovingkindness that go beyond the requirements of duty. (10-11) Boaz’s response. The Targum on Ruth 3:15 supposes that to Ruth, the distant ancestress of the Saviour, was vouchsafed the knowledge, as in its fulness to the Virgin hereafter, of the birth of the Messiah through her. ‘And he said, “Blessed be you of YHWH, my daughter. 17 She said, “He gave me these six measures of barley, for he said to me, ‘Don’t go away empty-handed to your mother-in-law.’” 18 “Sit tight, my daughter,” Naomi replied, “until you know how it turns out. 11 Other translations render this … Ruth 3:9 And he said, Who art thou? 4. "Commentary on Ruth 3:10". Naomi's Strategy . If poor people be but good people, they shall have honour from God and man. He for one clearly believed that she would have had good marriage prospects. BibliographyTrapp, John. Perhaps חסד chesed, which we translate kindness, means piety; as if he had said: Thou hast given great proof of thy piety in this latter instance, when thou hast avoided the young, and those of thy own age, to associate thyself with an elderly man, merely for the purpose of having the Divine injunction fulfilled, viz., that the brother, or next akin, might take the wife of the deceased, and raise a family to him who had died childless, that his name might not become extinct in Israel: this latter act is a greater proof of thy piety and sincerity than any thing that could be inferred from thy becoming a proselyte. Whether poor or rich - So it appears from this that it was not to mend her condition in life that Ruth endeavored to get Boaz for her husband, for she might have had a rich young man, but she preferred the building up the house of her deceased husband. “Kindness”: Ruth’s loyalty to Naomi, the Lord, and even Boaz is commended by Boaz. Ruth 3:10. BibliographyCoke, Thomas. Boaz was now eighty years of age, and Ruth forty. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Next » Chapter 4. {as Luke 1:28}, My daughter.] 9 And he said, Who art thou? What problem had to be first worked out before Boaz was free to act as the near kinsman? Background: Elimelech and his sons. (1-5) Boaz acknowledges the duty of a kinsman. Blessed be thou.] . All the people of my town know that you are a woman of noble character. That you did for your mother-in-law. She listened to instructions (Ru 3:1-4), obeyed (Ru 3:5-9), believed what her redeemer said (Ru 3:10-14), received his gifts (Ru 3:15-17 ), and waited in patience for him to do the rest (Ru 3:18). 1. It is also one of only two books named after a Gentile, Luke being the other. Her former act of piety was her devotion to the memory of her deceased husband and to her mother in law, and her forsaking of father and mother and native land to become a proselyte to the Hebrew faith. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. The former kindness which Ruth had shown to the family of Boaz was in her love and fidelity to her husband, and her affectionate regard to her mother-in-law. Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. 8 ¶ And it came to passe at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himselfe: and behold, a woman lay at his feete. The many blessings exchanged between Ruth, Boaz and Naomi (1:8; 2:12, 19, 20; 3:10) stabilizes the climax of the story with a firm foundation of goodwill, so that when Ruth is sifted like grain on the threshing floor, the matter has already been decided through prayer (Luke 22:31-32). He replied ) -- - Much more did her present endeavours to comply God! Obviously – we ’ re landing in the sense of piety, moral and goodness... The engrafted wild olive )... Matthew Henry Concise Bible Commentary years of age, and Ruth forty her.! Pass, in the latter end. Holy Bible that there was a in., 'May ADONAI bless you, my daughter, don ’ t be afraid widowhood. 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